ʻO ka poʻe o The Utah Pride Center

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ʻO ka poʻe o ka Pride Center: Nikki Boyer

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E hoomau Heluhelu ʻO ka poʻe o ka Pride Center: Nikki Boyer

Ko mākou kūpuna Queer

Ma muli o ka hana kūʻauhau mai Connell O'Donovan

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CHARLES EDMONDS (1799-1856)
a me LUKE CARTER (1810-1856)

ʻO Josia Rogerson, he kanaka ʻōpio i loko o ka Martin Handcart Company of Moramona paionia pōʻino, ua kākau ʻo ia i kēia moʻoʻōlelo o kona ʻike i ka hele ʻana i nā kula a hiki i Utah ke kīkē nei i kahi kaʻa lima ma ka wāwae. I kaʻu Queer heluhelu ʻana i kēia ʻāpana o kāna moʻolelo, ua wehewehe ʻo ia i kahi kāne kāne kāne kāne ʻoi loa akā but-femme Gay kāne e hakakā nei me kā lākou lako pono a me ka monotony pau ʻole o ka pahu ʻana i ke kaʻa mai Iowa a Iudea. ʻO nā mea i koe ma kā Iosia ʻōlelo:

Ua make ʻo Charles Edmonds.
Ma kahi o 10:30 i ke kakahiaka nei ua hala mākou iā Fort Kearney, a ʻoiai kekahi o nā make kū hoʻokahi i kū i kā mākou huakaʻi i kēia manawa, e haʻi wau i kahi moʻolelo pōkole a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka hanana. ʻO nā kēkelē ʻelua i kapa ʻia ʻo Luke Carter, mai ka lālā Clitheroe [o ka hale pule], Yorkshire, ʻEnelani, a me Charles Edmonds mai Manchester, ʻEnelani, he 50 a 55 paha mau makahiki o kēlā me kēia makahiki, i huki i kahi kaʻa uhi mai Iowa City, Ia., i kēia wahi. Moe lākou i loko o ka hale lole like, kuke a hoʻomoʻa pū; akā no kekahi mau lā i hala ua hala nā huaʻōlelo maikaʻi ʻole a ma waena o lākou. He kanaka kiʻekiʻe ʻo Edmonds, hemo ʻole a palupalu i ke kino, a ʻo Carter ʻoi aku ka momona a ikaika. Ua makemake ʻo ia iā Edmonds ma ka waiho ʻana i ka hope e huki wale i ka mea hiki iā ia i nā ʻauamo no kekahi manawa. I kēia kakahiaka ua ʻōhumu ʻo ia a hoʻopiʻi, ke hele mau nei, no ka luhi, a ʻaʻole hiki iā ia ke hele i kahi mamao. Pane hou ʻo Carter: “E hele. E hele. E hoʻi hou ʻoe i ka wā awakea iki. " Akā ua nonoi mau ʻo Edmonds iā ia e hoʻōki i ke kaʻa a waiho iā ia e moe a make, e pane ana ʻo Carter, "ʻĀ, e hele i waho a make, a laila."

Ua kū koke ke kaʻa. Ua hāpai ʻo Carter i nā ʻau o ke kaʻa. Ua hele wāwae ʻo Edmonds mai lalo a i ka hema o ke ala he mau koʻokoʻo ʻelua, a hoʻomoe ʻia kona kino ma luna o ka pā o ka pā, a i loko o ʻumi mau minuke he kupapaʻu ia. Kali mākou (kekahi mau kaʻa o mākou) i kekahi mau minuke lōʻihi a hiki i ke kāpena i piʻi mai a pani i nā maka o Edmonds. Hoʻoiho ʻia kahi kaʻa hāmama i hāpai ʻia. Kau ʻia ke kino ma luna, uhi ʻia me ka kuina, a huki ka mea kākau [Rogerson] iā ia i kahi hoʻomoana awakea, he ʻelima a ʻeono paha mile, kahi a mākou i ʻeli ai i kona lua kupapaʻu a kanu iā ia ma kahi iki o ke komohana o Papu Kearney, Neb.

Ua make ʻo Charles Edmonds ma ka lā 13 Kepakemapa 1856 ma kahi o Ft. Kearney, Nebraska. Ua make ʻo Luke Carter i Nowemapa 1856 ma Wyoming. Makemake wau e noʻonoʻo ua make ʻo Luke mai kahi puʻuwai puʻuwai, akā ʻoi aku paha ka luhi a me ka pōloli ... hoʻonui ʻia e ka puʻuwai haʻihaʻi.

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LOUIE B. FELT (1850-1928) a me MAY ANDERSON (1864-1946)

ʻO Louie Bouton, hānau ʻia ma Connecticut, hele mai i Utah me kona ʻohana ma 1866. ʻO May Anderson no ʻEnelani a hele mai i Utah ma hope o ka hoʻohuli ʻana i ka Moramona ma 1883. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua hui lāua ʻelua ma ke kaʻaahi May e neʻe nei i Utah. Ua male ʻia ʻo Louie iā Joseph Felt i kēlā manawa, a ma hope o ke aloha ʻana iā May, ua kaʻawale lākou iā ia i hiki iā lāua a me Mei ke noho pū. 

Wahi a kā lākou autobiography o ke kanaka ʻekolu, "ʻO ka poʻe i nānā i ko lākou kūpaʻa i kekahi i kekahi e haʻi ana ʻaʻohe mea aloha ʻē aʻe ma mua o kēia mau mea ʻelua."

ʻO Louie ka Pelekikena Nui mua o ka ʻAhahui Pilikia (no nā keiki LDS) ma 1880 a ʻo Mei ka lua. ʻO lākou ke kuleana no ka hoʻomaka a me ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i ka makasina ʻo “The Children Friend” LDS, a ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka Halemai Haumāna Mua ma 1911. Ua noho pū ko lākou mau makahiki hope loa ma nā Covey Apartments ma ka Temepela Hema a hiki i ka make ʻana o Louie.

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WILLIAM / EVA McCLEERY
(1850-1932)

ʻO William, i kapa ʻia ʻo Eva McCleery, ʻo ia ka transgender kanaka ʻike mua loa ʻia ma ka mokuʻāina ʻo Utah. Hānau ʻia ma Liverpool, ʻEnelani, ua huli ʻo William a me kona mau mākua i ka Moramona a ua neʻe lākou i Utah i ka makahiki 1875, e noho ana ma Ioredane Hema. 

ʻO kona makuakāne ʻIlelani kahi mea hana kāmaʻa ma ʻEnelani a ua lilo ʻo William i mea hana kāmaʻa, akā ua hōʻike ʻia ua ʻaʻahu ʻia ʻo ia me ke kaikamahine no nā makahiki he ʻumi i kou wā ʻōpio i ke aʻo ʻana i ka ʻoihana. Ua male ʻo William iā Ida McClure i ka makahiki 1878 a he ʻeono a lāua keiki. Ua noho lākou ma Ogden no ʻelima mau makahiki kahi a William i aʻo ai i ka hana kālapaa lole wai ma ka Deaf and Blind Institute. Ua hoʻi lākou i Salt Lake City i ka wā a William i wehe ai i ka Acme Shoe Shop ma 1902 ma ka Hale Waihona National Bank o Utah ma Main Street.

Hoʻomaka hou ʻo William e ʻaʻahu wahine ma kahi o kēia manawa, a ʻo ia ka mea i alakaʻi aku ai i kāna wahine ʻo Ida e haʻalele iā ia i 1910. A laila ma ka 28 ʻOkakopa 1911 "Ua haʻi ʻo" William "McCleery i kahi mea kākau moʻolelo no ka Salt Lake Tribune ua hānau maoli ʻo ia i wahine wahine ʻo Eva McCleery ka inoa. akā ua noho malū ʻo ia i ka hapa nui o kona ola ma ke ʻano he kāne i hiki iā ia ke lilo i kāmaʻa kāmaʻa. Ua haʻi pū aku ʻo ia i ka mea hōʻike, "Makemake au i ka ʻaʻahu kāne akā inā inā he kūʻē mai kekahi, ʻaʻole wau e hāʻawi hou i nā pālule." Eia nō naʻe, ʻekolu mau lā ma hope mai, ua hōʻike aku ka Salt Lake Herald i ka lehulehu ʻo Eva McCleery ke kāne maoli ʻo William McCleery ka inoa, a ʻo ka moʻolelo wahaheʻe āna i hāʻawi ai i ka Tribune "he ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ka mea i haku ʻia o ka manaʻo i hoʻopilipili ʻia e pre -'ōlelo manaʻo hānau no nā makahiki he kanaono i noho hoʻomalu ʻia ai ʻo McCleery e nā manaʻo a me nā makemake a kona kaikuahine māhoe, i hānau mau ʻia. "

Ua ʻike nā keiki a McCleery “no kekahi mau makahiki o kona maʻi kūlohelohe ... [a] i ka wā e holo ai kēia mau impulses ma luna ona, ʻimi ka manaʻo kāne kāne e lele a i nā manaʻo āpau a lilo ʻo ia i kaikuahine māhoe. Malihini nō naʻe, hana ʻino ʻo ia i nā ʻano wahine a lilo kona leo i palupalu a haʻahaʻa. " Ua haʻi pū ʻo McCleery i ka Herald "no nā makahiki he ʻumi i hana ʻo ia ma ke keʻena cobbler ma ʻEnelani i ʻaʻahu ʻia i ke kaikamahine. "He nui koʻu leʻaleʻa," i ʻōlelo ai ʻo ia, "a nui nā ʻōpio ʻōpio i aloha iaʻu." Maliʻa paha ua hele mai ka ʻohana me kēia moʻolelo ma ke ʻano he ala e hoʻomaopopo ai i kāna pono nui i wahine.

Ma ka 1915, e noho manawa piha ana ʻo Wiliama e like me Eva McCleery (e like me ka mea i hōʻike ʻia e nā papa kuhikuhi kūlanakauhale) a noho a hana i kona home ma 460 Hema 900 Hikina, e ʻimi nei i kēia manawa he wahine kāne make na William McCleery. Eia nō naʻe, i kona ʻelemakule a ʻaʻole hiki ke mālama hou iā ia iho, ua neʻe ʻo ia me kāna kaikamahine ʻo Lottie e 1930, akā ua koi ʻia e noho kāne hou a hiki i kona make ʻana i 1932. Kanu ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he William i ka Hema. Kahikina Cemetery.


ʻO McCleery i loko o ka hale kūʻai kāmaʻa, mai ka Salt Lake Tribune, 1911

1915 papa kuhikuhi e like me Eva McCleary

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ʻO BRIGHAM MORRIS YOUNG

(1854-1931)

He keiki ʻo Morris na Brigham Young a me ka wahine helu 18, ʻo Margaret Pierce. Ma hope o ka lawelawe ʻana i kahi mikionali i ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻĀina, ua noi aku kona makuakāne iā ia e hoʻonohonoho i ka Young Men's Mutual hoʻomaikaʻi Association (YMMIA). Ua male ʻo ia iā Celestia Armeda Snow, kaikamahine a Lorenzo Snow, a he ʻumi kā lāua keiki.

I ka hopena o 1880s, ua hoʻomaka ʻo Morris e hana ma ke ʻano ʻo Madam Pattirini, he diva opera Italia. Ua hīmeni ʻo ia i kahi leo hoʻopunipuni nani loa a maopopo i kekahi o kāna mau mea hoʻolohe he wahine cisgender ʻo ia. Ua kiʻi ʻia kēia kiʻi ma kahi o 1901 e ka mea paʻi kiʻi komohana kaulana ʻo CR Savage. Ua paʻi ʻia ma ke ʻano he mau pepa nui e hoʻolaulaha i kahi helehelena o Pattirini ma ka Sugar House Ward.

ʻO nā hōʻike o ka mōʻaukala wale nō i ka ʻaʻa keʻa ʻōpio ma ke ʻano he leʻaleʻa lehulehu, akā ua hoʻomākaukau ʻo ia i ke ala no nā mea leʻaleʻa lole komo hope i kū mai ma Utah, ʻo LGBT kekahi o lākou. ʻO ke kiʻi ʻoluʻolu a ka LDS Church History Library

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Wallace Packham (hema) a me Evan Stephens

EVEP STEPHENS
(1854-1930)

Hānau ʻia ma Wales, ua huli kona ʻohana i ka Moramona a neʻe aku i Utah i ka makahiki 1866. Makana ʻia me ke mele, ua kākau ʻo ia i nā mele he nui (e like me ka hīmeni aupuni aupuni o Utah, "Utah, We Love Thee") a ua pili ʻo ia me kekahi mau hui hīmeni kūloko ma mua o ka lilo ʻana i alakaʻi o ka Choir Tabernacle Moramona i 1890. ʻO ia ke kuleana no ke alakaʻi ʻana iā ia i ka kaulana honua. ʻOiai ua lohe ʻia he ʻelua mau aloha me nā wahine, ʻaʻole ʻo ia i male, ʻano ʻokoʻa loa i ka polygamous Utah.

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, kāna puke moʻolelo pilikino, i paʻi ʻē ʻia i loko o ka "The Children's Friend" (no nā keiki Moramona), rhapsodize i kona mau pilina me nā kāne, a me kāna mea makemake i ka poʻe ʻōpio, nā papa hana i kona wā a pau, e like me Walt Whitman.

ʻO kēlā mau kāne āna i aloha nui ai a noho pū me ia ʻo Willard Christopherson, Noel Pratt, Thomas S. Thomas, a me Wallace Packham (i hōʻike ʻia me ia ma lalo me Stephens i ka huki kauō cowboy). Ua kuhikuhi ʻo Stephens iā lākou ma ke ʻano he "mau hoa ola, nā mea i kaʻana i kona ola home." I ka make ʻana o Stephens, ua koho ʻia kāna makemake ma ke ʻano he hoʻoilina nui nona ʻo Wallie Packham, "he hoa aloha."

ʻO wau nō kekahi nona ka ʻāpana o ka luakini ʻo Evan (kahi lole o nā lole kuʻuna e pani ana i ka uhi ʻana i nā lau fiku ma ka Māla o ʻEdena) i komo i loko o ka hui ʻoihana mua loa i hala ma loko o ka Luakini ʻo Salt Lake ma hope o kona hoʻolaʻa ʻia ʻana iā ʻApelila 1893.

Nā kiʻi i ʻoluʻolu ʻia e ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike Moʻolelo LDS Church

Wallace Packham (hema) a me Evan Stephens

Noel Pratt (hema) a me Evan Stephens

ADA DWYER
(1863-1952)

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Ada a hānai ʻia kahi Moramona ma Salt Lake City, kahi i aʻo mua ʻia ai ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he haʻi ʻōlelo a ka lehulehu. ʻOiai ke aʻo ʻana ma Bosetona a me Nu Ioka, ua hoihoi ʻo ia i ka hale kiʻiʻoniʻoni a i ka makahiki 1880 i hoʻomaka ai kāna ʻoihana hana keaka. Ua mākaʻikaʻi nui ʻo ia ma nā wahi holoʻokoʻa o ʻAmelika, ʻEnelani, a me ʻAukekulia.

Ua hoʻopau koke ʻia kahi male pōkole me ka mea hana keaka ʻo Harold Russell i kona make mua ʻana. Ma hope o kāna mau pilina mua me nā wahine. I ka makahiki 1912, ua launa ʻo ia me ka mea haku mele kaulana ʻo Imagist ʻo Amy Lowell o Bosetona a ua aloha koke lākou. Ua neʻe ʻo Ada me Amy a lilo ʻo ia i kāna puke moʻoʻōlelo a hiki i ka make ʻana o Amy ma 1925. Ua haʻalele ʻo Lowell iā Dwyer i kāna waiwai a me kāna waiwai nui, a ua luku ʻo Ada i kā lākou kamaʻilio pilikino ponoʻī, akā ʻo nā mele aloha a Amy Lowell iā Ada e paʻa mau ana ka hōʻike no ko lākou aloha. Ua make ʻo Ada ma Maryland a ua kanu ʻia ʻo ia ma ka pā ilina ʻo Salt Lake City.

Ua kākau ʻo Amy Lowell i kēia ma 1922 no Ada, no ka hoʻohanohano ʻana i ko lākou piha makahiki 10 -

He Kenekulia
I kou wā i hele mai ai, ua like ʻoe me ka waina ʻulaʻula a me ka meli,
A ʻo ke ʻono iā ʻoe kuni i kuʻu waha me kona onaona.
I kēia manawa ua like ʻoe me ka berena kakahiaka,
Paheʻe a ʻoluʻolu hoʻi.
ʻAʻohe oʻu ʻono iki iā ʻoe no ka mea ʻike wau i kou ʻono,
Akā ua hānai piha wau.

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MAUDE ADAMS
(1872-1953)

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Maude Ewing Kiskadden ma ka home, kokoke i ka 9th a me ka 9th. Ua hoʻomaka ʻo ia i ka hale kiʻi keaka ʻo Salt Lake i kona manawa he 9 mau makahiki. Ua neʻe kona ʻohana i Kapalakiko i kona wā he 4, kahi i hoʻomaka ai ʻo ia e hana me kahi hui waihona. Ua hoʻi lākou i Salt Lake ma kahi o 1883, akā ua hoʻomau ʻo Maude i ka hana, debuting ma Broadway ma 1888.

Ma ke kiʻekiʻe o kāna ʻoihana e loaʻa ana iā ia he $ 1 miliona o ka makahiki a no laila kūʻai ʻo ia i nā waiwai ma Salt Lake, Manhattan, Long Island, a me nā Catskills. Hōʻike ʻo ia iā Peter Pan mua loa ma Broadway ma 1905, e hoʻolohe ana i nā mea hoʻolohe. Ua pâʻani 'o ia i ke kuleana kāne o Napoleon II. ʻO kekahi o kāna kūlana punahele ke pāʻani nei i ka moa kāne (Chanticler). I ka manawa e hoʻokani ʻo Joan o Arc ma "The Maid of Orleans", ua pena ʻo Art Nouveau mea pena kiʻi ʻo Alfons Manya i kahi pelaha kūʻē nona.

He mea nīkini hoʻi ia, e hana ana no ʻelua mau makahiki me General Electric a me Eastman Kodak, e kōkua ana i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā kiʻi paʻi kala a me ka hana ʻana i kahi ipukukui i hana ʻia nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni kala.

I nā makahiki i hala aku, ua aʻo ʻo ia i ka hana ʻana ma ke koleke ʻo Stephens ma Missouri. Ua hōʻike pū ʻia kāna mau ipo iā Spring Byington, Katherine Cornell, Mercedes de Acosta, Lillie Florence, a me Eva La Gallienne. ʻO kāna hoa hele lōʻihi ʻo Louise Boynton, ka mea e noho pū ana ma mua o 1930 a 1951 i ka manawa i make ai ʻo Louise. Kaʻana like lākou i kahi lua kupapaʻu ma ka waiwai o Maude ma Long Island. Kupaianaha loa kona uʻi, ua hoʻokau ʻo Maude i ko Jane Seymour ʻano, ʻo Elise McKenna, ma Somewhere in Time.

Maude as Peter Pan

Maude as Napoleon II

Maude ma ke ʻano Chanticler

 

ʻO Maude ka mea hoʻoikaika na Elise McKenna, hoʻokani ʻia e Jane Seymour, ma kahi ʻē aʻe o Christopher Reeves

Nā kiʻi o Maude ma ke ʻano ʻo Joan o Arc, na Alfons Manya

KATE THOMAS
(1873-1950)

I kēia kakahiaka pehea wau e makemake ai
Lōʻihi wale nō e kākau i hoʻokahi puʻuwai puʻuwai puʻuwai
I kahi kokoke loa ʻo ia ke ʻāpana o aʻu.
Akā ʻo wau anei nā pā a pau i hīmeni ai
Ua lilo i hoʻokahi immortelle transcendent
Me he mea lā iaʻu e nele wau i ke alelo
E ʻōlelo i ka lōʻihi o koʻu aloha iā ia a i ka maikaʻi paha.
Hāʻule ma luna o kāna i kēlā me kēia lā i pāpālua ʻia a ʻoʻer
Ke ʻōwili hou nei ka honua ma ka honua a me ka honua
E hāʻawi mai ke Akua i ʻelua e kū mau i ka ʻuhane.

He ʻulaʻula Komohana;
Hoʻohui ʻia kahi Hikina i kahi hanana hanana. He papu ʻeleʻele
A ma koʻu ʻaoʻao
ʻO ka - ka mea i ka honua holoʻokoʻa
Aloha au i ka mea ʻoi loa!
ʻO ka pale maka maka po -
ʻO ka nahele kūwaho a me ka ʻeha o loko
Ua hoʻolei aku wau no ka wā pau ʻole; Mai kona lehelehe lawe wau i ka hauʻoli mau.
ʻO Brown papu a me kāna honi
ʻO wau wale nō kaʻu e nīnau ai.

He Kanaka Mele Kāne (kākau ʻia Dec. 30, 18–?)
He mea hoʻokani pila wahine, ʻaʻole wau i ʻike i kahi mālama,
ʻO koʻu ola he ola e like me,
Aia a nānā wau i nā maka o Illa & ma laila
ʻIke ka ʻuhane mele ma luna oʻu e ʻālohilohi ana.
ʻO kaʻuhane o ke mele! ʻO ke mele koʻu akua,
A i koʻu ʻike ʻana iā ia e hūnā ana i nā maka o Illa,
Pono wau e ukali i kahi āna i hahi ai,
A hoʻomana iā ia i loko o kēlā ʻano huna.
I kekahi lā lima nani ʻo Illa ma luna o nā kī
Haʻalulu, & kupanaha! hōʻino i ke kanana hemolele.
Ua ʻike wau e like me ka ʻike a ka mea ʻauana o ka puʻuwai e ʻike nei
ʻO ka puka hāmama e hoʻokipa hou ai i ka home.
ʻO kēlā lima keʻokeʻo aloha i loko o kaʻu iho aʻu i lawe ai.
"Illa", hāwanawana wau, "e mālama paha wau iā ia?"
Ua haʻalele ke koko ʻiʻini koʻu papalina hopohopo.
Ke hopohopo nei i kuʻu aloha i aloha ai iaʻu ʻaʻole paha.
Auē ka makaʻu lapuwale! Kipi kuʻu puʻuwai aloha
E kanalua wau & e ʻimi nei e hoʻoponopono.
Ua hāpai ʻo ia i kona mau maka. Ma laila ke nānā aku nei
ʻO kaʻuhane o ke mele ma o nā maka o ke aloha.

Ua haʻi ʻia kahi mea kākau moʻolelo i loko o kēia mele "ke kamaʻilio nei ka mea haku mele i ka leo o kekahi wahine i kekahi wahine ʻē aʻe ... a e like me nā mea ʻē aʻe i loko o ka puke pai, e mōakāka ana i ka moʻoho o ka moemoeā a me ka makemake."


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MELDRED "BARRIE" BARRYMAN
(1901-1972)


Hānau ʻia ma Salt Lake, ua hoʻomaka ʻo Mildred i ke aʻo ʻana ma Westminster i ka makahiki 1916. Ua haʻi aku ʻo Mildred i kahi kumu he wahine wahine ʻo ia a makemake ʻo ia e hana i kahi noiʻi noʻonoʻo e pili ana i ka moekolohe. Ua hōʻole ʻia ka ʻae, a huki ʻia kekahi mau haumāna ʻē aʻe i ke kula a hiki i ka kipaku ʻia ʻana o Mildred.


I ka makahiki 1924 ua lilo ʻo Mildred i mau ipo me Edith Chapman, he kumu aʻo ma ka U. Ua holo pū ʻo Edith i hale noho no lesia ma 615 Hikina 900 Hema, a neʻe akula ʻo Mildred i loko. 24 mau kāne kāne kāne ma kahi o kekahi mau makahiki, e hana ana ma kāna "thesis."


Ma hope o kona kaʻawale ʻana me Chapman, hoʻomau ʻo Barrie i ka hana ma ke ʻano he paʻi kiʻi. Ua hoʻopau ʻo ia iā "The Psychological Phenomena of the Homosexual" ma 1939 a ua hoʻāʻo ʻole e hoʻopuka. ʻO Barrie kekahi mea herpetologist kaulana a me mineralogist i ka 1930s-1950s. Ua hui ʻo ia me kāna hoa hele lōʻihi, ʻo Ruth Uckerman, ʻoiai e hana ana ma kahi hale hana lima i ka wā o ke Kaua Honua II, a noho pū lāua ʻelua ma Woods Cross a hiki i ka make ʻana o Mildred.


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WALLACE TURMAN
(1902-1934)


Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Wallace a hānai ʻia ma Salt Lake City, ka hapanui e kona makuahine a me kona makuahine, ua haʻalele kona mau mākua iā ia i ka makahiki 3. Ua noho lāua ma 168 Hikina 300 Hema, i kēia manawa ke kahua o ka hale ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻo Utah, ʻo ke kupuna wahine ʻo Emma Ua kākoʻo ʻo Jackson iā lākou e hana ana ma ke ʻano he Matron o ka hale kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Wilkes (i kēia manawa ʻo Promised Valley Playhouse ma ke Alanui Mokuʻāina).


Ua hele ʻo Wallace i West High a iā 17 i hoʻomaka ʻo ia e hana ma ka cafe i kapa ʻia ʻo ka Roof Restaurant ma luna o ka Hōkele ʻo Utah kahiko. Makemake ʻo ia i ka heluhelu ʻana iā Plato, Aristotle, Shakespeare, a me sexologist ʻo Havelock Ellis. Ma hope o ke kēkelē ʻana, ua hele ʻo ia i ke Kulanui o Utah ma kekahi mau hapahā (pre-med) a laila neʻe iki ʻia i ke Kulanui o Kaleponi Hema (USC).


Ma Los Angeles, ua hana pōkole ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he kolamu no ka nūpepa ʻeleʻele a laila hoʻomaka i kāna ponoʻī, ʻo "Outlet." Ua haʻalele ʻo ia iā USC me ka puka ʻole a neʻe i Harlem, Nu Ioka i 1925, e hui pū me ka Renaissance hou ma laila. ʻO kahi leka āna i kākau ai ma 1929 e wehewehe ana i ka pule ma hope o kona hōʻea ʻana i New York City Ua hāʻawi ʻia ʻo Wallace i $ 2.00 no ka moekolohe me kahi kāne lauoho lauoho ma ke alanui a ua ʻae ʻia ka makemake nui ʻo Wallace. Ma mua o kekahi mea i hana ʻia, ʻelua mau mākaʻi i hopu iā lākou ma nā uku morale a ua hoʻopaʻi ʻia ʻo Wallace i $ 5 a i ʻole ʻekolu mau lā i ka hale paʻahao. Ua loaʻa i kekahi kanaka ʻē aʻe he 25 mau makahiki i ka hale paʻahao no ka mea ua hopu ʻia ʻo ia no ka solicitation ma mua. Ua hoʻolimalima ʻia ʻo Wallace ma o kahi hoa kuhina o kahi hoaaloha. Eia naʻe, ua aʻo koke ʻo Thurman ʻo ke kuhina kekahi i loko o ka "kaikuahine kāne," ʻoiai ʻo ia i waiho ai, a koi aku i nā makemake moekolohe mai Wallace i hoʻihoʻi no kāna hāmau. Ua hōʻole ʻo Wallace a ma hope, ua lilo ʻo ia i mea kaulana loa ma Harlem, ua haʻi ke kuhina i nā hoaaloha a pau o Wallace e pili ana i ka hopu ʻia, i ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa o Wallace.


I ka makahiki 1926, ua paʻi ʻo ia i ka puke mua a hoʻokahi wale nō o ka puke pai puke “Fire !! Hoʻolaʻa ʻia i nā Artists Negro Younger, "me nā hāʻawi mai ka mea kaulana Zora Neale Hurston, Richard Bruce Nugent, Aaron Douglas, a me Gwendolyn B. Bennett. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo ia i ka huaʻōlelo “the Niggerati” no kā lākou pōʻai o nā mea kākau, nā akeakamai, nā mea pena kiʻi, a me nā mea ʻike na Harlem. I kekahi manawa hoʻokae ʻē ʻia e nā ʻeleʻele ʻē aʻe no ka mea ʻeleʻele loa ʻo ia, ua ākea a hōʻino pinepine ʻo ia i ke kaiāulu no kāna makemake "kala" no kēlā mau ʻili māmā.


Noho ʻo ia i loko o kahi pā ma kahi lumi lumi ma 267 W. 136th Street ma Harlem, a lilo ia i kikowaena no kā lākou pōʻai avant-garde, a ua pena ʻo Richard Bruce Nugent i nā muro homoerotic ma nā paia. ʻO Thurman, ka wahine bisexual, i male iā Louise Thompson i ka makahiki 1928 akā ua hala wale ia no ʻeono mau mahina, no ka hōʻoluʻolu ʻole o ka wahine iā ia. I ka makahiki 1929 hoʻomaka ʻia kāna pāʻani ʻo Harlem ma Broadway. Ua kākau ʻo ia iā The Blacker the Berry: A Novel of Negro Life, i kēia manawa i ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he seminal hana o ka fiction. Ua make ʻo ia i ka makahiki 32 mai ka maʻi palupalu i hoʻomāhuahua ʻia e ka ʻalekohola a kanu ʻia ʻo ia ma Staten Island.


Wallace ma kahi o 2, ma kahi o 1904 - lawe ʻia ma Brown Photography Studios, 62 Komohana 200 Hema, Salt Lake City


Wallace (ʻākau) a ʻo Langston Hughes


ʻO DR. LEONA B. HOLBROOK
(1909-1980)


Hānau ʻia ma Lehi, ua hele ʻo Leona i ke Kulanui o Utah, e aʻo ana i nā haʻuki a me nā mea noʻeau, a ʻo ia ka mea hoʻoponopono o ka pā kula ʻo Daily Utah Chronicle. Ua pau kāna mau puka puka puka ma ke Kulanui o Columbia, a laila ua hoʻolimalima ʻia ʻo ia ma 1937 ma ke ʻano he noho o ka ʻOihana PE wahine ma BYU.


I ka 1940 a me ka '50s ua hana ʻo ia i kahi pūnaewele kaiapuni o nā haumāna ʻo Gay a me nā haumāna wahine a me nā kumu kula ma ka makahiki Y. I ka makahiki 1947 ua koho ʻia ʻo ia i Pelekikena o ka College Women's Physical Education Association.
Ua lawelawe ʻo Holbrook ma ke ʻano he pelekikena o ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa o ke olakino, Hoʻonā Kino, a me nā Hoʻokahakaha ma 1966-67.


I ka makahiki 1967, ua hoʻohanohano ʻia ʻo ia me ka makana o ka BYU Alumni Distinguished Service Award, a ma ka 1977 me ka Makana Aʻoaʻo Hoʻohanohano Karl G. Maeser, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe ʻē aʻe. ʻO ka wahine mua i lawelawe ma ke Kōmike 'Olumepika o US, ua komo' o Kauka Holbrook i ka International 'Olumepika' Olumepika ma Helene.


Ua haʻalele ʻo ia mai BYU ma 1974, ʻoiai ua aʻo ʻo ia ma laila hapa manawa a hiki i kona make ʻana. Ke hoʻomau nei ʻo BYU i ka hoʻohanohano iā ia me ka "Leona Holbrook Spirit of Sport Award," i hāʻawi ʻia i ka wahine ʻelemakule nona ka mea i komo pono e hōʻike i ka ʻuhane maoli o ka haʻuki i nā haʻuki a me ke ola.


ʻO Sporting 1940s lesbian chic


MEI SWENSON
(1913-1989)


Ua hānai ʻia ʻo Anna Thilda "May" Swenson ma Logan i loko o kahi ʻohana Moramona nui e ʻōlelo ana ma Suetena i kā lākou ʻōlelo mua. Ua puka ʻo Mei mai ka mokuʻāina ʻo Utah ma 1934, a ua aʻo ʻo ia i nā mele ma ke ʻano he haku mele ma ke kula ʻo Bryn Mawr, UC Riverside, Purdue, mokuʻāina ʻo Utah, a me nā kula ʻē aʻe.
Ua hele ʻo ia i kona ʻohana, kahi mea paʻakikī iā lākou, akā mālama lākou i nā pilina paʻa i kona ola holoʻokoʻa.


ʻO kekahi o kāna mau ipo ka mea kākau haʻuki ʻo Rozanne "RR" Knudson. ʻO ka hapa nui o kāna mau mele e hōʻike ana i ke ʻano a me ka eroticism intertwined ("ka heʻe pelvic o nā kuahiwi," ʻo kahi laʻana.) Hoʻokahi wale nō manawa i kāna ʻoihana i ʻae ai ʻo ia e hoʻohana i kāna mau mele i kahi moʻolelo anthology o ka kākau lesbian.


ʻO Swenson ʻo Chancellor o ka Academy of American Poets mai 1980 a hiki i kona make ʻana ma Delaware. Ua kanu ʻia ʻo ia ma Logan, Utah. Hoʻomau ka Mokuʻāina ʻo Utah e hoʻohanohano iā May Swenson ma nā ʻano he nui, e like me ke kākoʻo ʻana i ka hoʻokūkū mele no kēlā me kēia makahiki ma kona inoa.


Mei Swenson ma Tucson, ʻAlikona.
Na LH Clark i kiʻi


ʻO DR. JOEL DORIUS
(1916-2006)


Hānai ʻia ma Capitol Hill, hele ʻo Joel i West High a hīmeni i ka Choir Tabernacle Moramona. ʻOiai ʻo ia e hele ana i ke Kulanui o Utah ua launa ʻo ia me kekahi poʻe Gay, akā ʻaʻole i hōʻike ākea ʻia ke kumuhana. Ua lanakila ʻo ia i kahi haumana puka puka i Harvard a laila loaʻa iā ia kahi deferral draft 4-F i ka wā o ke Kaua Honua II no kāna moekolohe.


Ua aʻo a aʻo ʻo ia i nā puke Pelekane ma Harvard a me Yale a hiki i ka 1958 ke hele ʻo ia i ke Kulanui ʻo Smith. Ma laila, ua hui pū ʻo ia i kahi hui liʻiliʻi o nā kāne Gay (me Truman Capote) nāna i hoʻolaha i nā makasina kino kāne. I ka makahiki 1960, ua hopu ʻia kekahi, e laʻa pū me Joel, ma hope o ka ʻōlelo ʻana a kahi Luna Nūpepa US e hoʻouna nei lākou i nā kiʻi ʻikena i kekahi i kekahi. Ua kipaku ʻia ʻo Smith mai ke Kulanui ʻo Smith a ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia kekahi o nā "polopeka porn," ua ʻae ʻo ia i kahi ʻōlelo hoʻoholo hewa i hiki ai iā ia ke hoʻopiʻi.


I ka makahiki 1963, ua hoʻokahuli ʻia kona manaʻo paʻa e ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo Kiʻekiʻe ʻo Massachusetts, kahi lanakila nui i ke kānāwai no ko mākou kaiāulu. Ua neʻe ʻo ia i Kelemānia a hiki i ka wā e paʻa ai ka lepo o ka hōʻino, a laila ma 1964 ua hui pū ʻo ia me ke kumu aʻoaʻo ʻo San Francisco State, e noho ana ma laila a hiki i ka wā hoʻomaha a me kona make. Ua kākau ʻo ia i kahi autobiography pūnaewele i kapa ʻia ʻo "My Four Lives" e hōʻike kikoʻī ana i kona mau makahiki mua ma Utah a me ka Moramona a me ko lākou hopena i kona ola ma hope.


I ka wā i make ai ʻo Kauka Dorius, ua loaʻa i kāna hoaaloha, he kahuna pule ʻIesita i ke kula nui ʻo Santa Clara, ke kuleana kope. ʻAʻole maopopo iā ia ka mea e hana ai me ia, a kau inoa i ke kuleana kope o ia mea iaʻu ma 2007. Hoʻolālā wau e kau hou ma ka pūnaewele.


ʻO Joel Dorius (hema hema) a me ka ʻohana


Pālua ʻUhane, ʻike ʻole ʻia ka pili ʻohana


ʻO nā ʻohana ʻōiwi ʻAmelika ma Utah
BERDACHES (ʻElua-ʻUhane)


He kuleana ko nā ʻohana ʻōiwi ʻAmelika ma ka ʻāpana o Utah no Queer a me Transgender mā. ʻO ka mea maʻamau, ua kāhea nā mea mōʻaukala a me nā anthropologists i kēia poʻe "berdache", kahi huaʻōlelo Peresia e hele mai ana i ka ʻōlelo Pelekania ma o Farani, e pili ana i nā kāne a me nā binary ʻole i nā ʻohana ʻōiwi. Nui nā ʻohana (akā ʻaʻole naʻe nā mea āpau, e like me ka Navajo) i kēia manawa e hoʻohana i ka huaʻōlelo "ʻelua ʻuhane".


ʻO ka manawa pinepine o kēia poʻe i kuleana nui i ka ʻohana ma ke ʻano he hoola, shamans, mākua hānai, mea haʻi moʻolelo, mea hana hoʻomalu, nā mea hoʻokūkū, a pēlā aku.


I ka makahiki 1924, ua paʻi ʻo Robert H. Lowie i kāna ʻike e pili ana i ka lāhui ma ka poʻe Shoshonean o Idaho, Utah, a me ko Colorado. Ma kahi ʻāpana liʻiliʻi, ua ʻae ʻo ia i ka loaʻa ʻana o kēia mau "berdedi" i waena o nā ʻohana like ʻole.


Berdaches


Hoʻomanaʻo kahi mea haʻi'ōlelo ʻo Shivwits (South Paiute band ma kahi o St. George) e lohe nei i ka poʻe e kamaʻilio nei no kahi kāne i ʻimi hala ʻole a ʻoiai ʻaʻole e ʻaʻahu e like me ka wahine e like me ka wahine a me ka leo wahine. Alakaʻi ʻo ia i nā wahine me ka hīnaʻi ke hele lākou e hōʻiliʻili i nā ʻanoʻano a pūlehu ʻia e like me lākou. Ua male ʻo ia i kekahi mau kāne ʻelua, e hiamoe ana me kēlā me kēia ma nā pō ʻokoʻa. Ma nā kaʻao i kapa ʻia kēlā mau kānaka ma-aiʻpot.


Ma waena o ka ʻaoʻao hema, ua hoʻomanaʻo ʻo Panayús i ka lohe ʻana i kona makuakāne e haʻi ana i ka berdache (tuwásawits), nona nā lio he nui loa. Maliʻa paha he hapa kaukini mau keikikāne e noho ma laila a nāna e kuke no lākou. I kekahi kakahiaka i ke ala ʻana o ka berdache i kakahiaka nui, e moe ana kekahi o nā keikikāne ma ka ʻaoʻao i ka wā e hoʻonāukiuki ana ʻo ia i ka lehu a "hoʻopā ʻo ia" i kāna lālā me kona mau wāwae. Huhū ke keiki a kiki iā ia, a laila hele ʻo ia a makemake ʻole e kuke no lākou no laila, huhū nā keiki kāne ʻē aʻe i ka mea nāna i huhū iā ia. Ma Ouray (Colorado) ua ʻike kaʻu mea haʻi ʻelua mau duke iā ia iho, a ua hoʻomanaʻo wau i kaʻu mea unuhi ʻōlelo ʻo Tony i kahi mea āna i ʻike ai ma laila ma kahi o 18 mau makahiki i hala (ie ma kahi o 1906)


ROBERT I. MCQUEEN
1942 - 1989


Hānau ʻia ma Price, Utah, ua hele ʻo Robert i kahi misiona LDS i Austria ma 1961 a ma hope hele i BYU mua a laila ma hope o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka LDS Church ma kahi o 1964, ua hele ʻo ia i ke Kulanui o Utah. Ma ka makahiki 1975 e hana ana ʻo ia no ka Salt Lake Tribune i ka manawa i hoʻolimalima ʻia ai ʻo ia i luna hoʻoponopono o kahi newsmagazine gay floundering a laila i kapa ʻia ʻo Los Angeles Advocate, a ma hope wale nō ʻo "Advocate."


Ua neʻe koke ʻo Robert a me ka makasina i Kapalakiko, kahi i hoʻolimalima ai i kahi koʻokoʻo hou - kokoke i nā poʻe a pau ʻo Gay a me Lesbi-ex-Mormons i peʻe ma laila. ʻO Brent "Tommy" Harris (hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono) mai Ogden, Ray Larson (luna hoʻokalakupua), a me ka mea kākau moʻolelo kaulana ʻo Pat Califia - a laila ʻike ʻia ʻo Lesbiana a i kēia manawa he bisexual, trans kāne mai Salt Lake. Ke ʻōlelo hoʻomākeʻaka nei iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he Mafia Moramona, ua hoʻohana lākou i ka paepae o ka makasina Advocate e hōʻino i ka LDS Church a me kāna mau kulekele anti-LGBTIQ virulent o nā 1970 a me 80.


Ma lalo o kāna alakaʻi ʻana ua lilo ka Advocate i mea nui, newsmagazine ākea. ʻO Brent Harris ka mea mua o kā lākou koʻokoʻo (a ʻo ka Moramona paha ma mua) i make mai ka maʻi SIDA, i ka makahiki 1981. Ua lilo ʻo Robert iā ia iho i ka maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi palaoa. Ua ola ʻo ia e kāna hoa hele lōʻihi ʻo Rafael Llanes.

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