Vanhu veiyo Utah Pride Center

Yedu Queer Madzitateguru

Kubva pane basa remadzinza kubva kuna Connell O'Donovan

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CHARLES EDMONDS (1799-1856)
uye RUKA CARTER (1810-1856)

Josiah Rogerson, uyo anga ari murume wechidiki mune njodzi Martin Handcart Kambani yeMormon mapiyona, akanyora nhoroondo inotevera yechiitiko chake achiyambuka mapani achienda kuUtah achisunda chingoro netsoka. Mukuverenga kwangu kweQueer kwechikamu ichi chenyaya yake, akarondedzera murume mukuru, butch-femme ngochani murume nemurume vachinetseka nezvinhu zvavo zvishoma uye nehupenyu husingaperi hwekusunda ngoro kubva kuIowa kuenda kuUtah. Zvimwe zvese zviri mumashoko aJosia:

Charles Edmonds Anofa.
Kuma 10:30 mangwanani ano tapfuura Fort Kearney, uye seimwe yenzufu dzakaitika kwazvo parwendo rwedu panguva ino, ndichapa rondedzero pfupi uye yechokwadi yechiitiko ichi. Bachelors vaviri vanonzi Luke Carter, vanobva kubazi reClitheroe [kuchechi], Yorkshire, England, naCharles Edmonds vanobva kuManchester, England, mumwe nemumwe ane makore makumi mashanu kusvika makumi mashanu nemashanu ekuberekwa, vaive vakwevera ngoro yakavharwa pamwechete kubva kuIowa City, Ia., kusvika pano. Ivo vairara mutende imwe chete, vakabikwa uye vakavharwa pamwechete; asi kwemazuva akati wandei apfuura mazwi asingafadzi uye echinjikwa akapfuura pakati pavo. Edmonds aive akareba, akasununguka uye akapfava murume panyama, uye Carter akasimba uye akasimba. Akange ada Edmonds nekurega iyo yekupedzisira ichidhonza chete izvo zvaaigona mumiseve kwenguva. Mangwanani ano akagunun'una uye akanyunyuta, achiri kufamba, nezve kuneta, uye kuti aisakwanisa kuenda mberi. Carter akapindura achiti: “Huyai. Handeyi nazvo. Uchapora zvekare kana tadya zvekudya masikati. ” Asi Edmonds akaramba achimukumbira kuti amise ngoro uye amurege avete uye afe, Carter achipindura, "Zvakanaka, buda ufe, ipapo."

Ngoro yakamiswa ipapo. Carter akasimudza shafts dzengoro. Edmonds akafamba kubva pasi uye kumaodzanyemba kwemugwagwa tsvimbo dzinoverengeka, akaradzika muviri wake pasi padunhu renzvimbo, uye mumaminetsi gumi aive ave chitunha. Isu takamirira (ngoro shoma yedu) maminetsi mashoma kwenguva refu kusvikira kaputeni auya ndokuvhara maziso aEdmonds. Ngoro yakavhurika-yakatakurika yakavhurwa. Mutumbi wakaiswa pauri, wakafukidzwa nekavha, uye munyori [Rogerson] akamukwevera kukamba yemasikati, mamaira mashanu kana matanhatu, uko kwatakachera guva rake ndokumuviga chinhambwe chidiki kumadokero kweFort Kearney, Neb.

Charles Edmonds akafa 13 Gunyana 1856 padhuze neFt. Kearney, Nebraska. Luke Carter akafa munaNovember 1856 muWyoming. Ndinoda kufunga kuti Luke akafa nemoyo wakaputsika, asi zvaive zvakanyanya kuneta uye kufa nenzara… kuwedzerwa nemoyo wakaputsika.

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LOUIE B. AKANZWA (1850-1928) uye MAY ANDERSON (1864-1946)

Louie Bouton, akaberekerwa muConnecticut, akauya kuUtah nemhuri yake muna 1866. May Anderson aibva kuEngland uye akauya kuUtah mushure mekutendeukira kuMormonism muna 1883. Kutaura zvazviri, vaviri ava vakasangana muchitima May aifamba achienda kuUtah. Louie akange akaroora kuna Joseph Felt panguva iyoyo, uye mushure mekudanana naMay, vakaparadzaniswa naye kuti iye naMay vagare vese. 

Nhoroondo yavo yehupenyu hwechitatu inoti, "Avo vaiona kuzvipira kwavo kune mumwe nemumwe vanotaura kuti hakuna kumbove nevanodisisa kupfuura ava vaviri."

Louie aive wekutanga General Mutungamiri wePrimary Association (yevana veLDS) muna 1880 uye May aive wechipiri. Ivo vaive zvakare nebasa rekutanga nekugadzirisa "Shamwari Yevana" LDS magazini, uye vakavamba iyo Primary Vana Chipatara muna 1911. Makore avo ekupedzisira akapedzwa pamwechete muCovey Apartments paSouth Temple kusvika pakufa kwaLouie.

musoro

WILLIAM / EVA McCLEERY
(1850-1932)

William, akazozivikanwa saEva McCleery, ndiye wekutanga anozivikanwa transgender munhu mudunhu reUtah. Akazvarwa muLiverpool, England, William nevabereki vake vakatendeukira kuMormonism uye vakatamira kuUtah mu1875, vachitanga kugara muSouth Jordan. 

Baba vake veIreland vaigadzira bhutsu muEngland uye William akazova mugadziri weshangu, asi zvinonzi akapfekawo semusikana kweanenge makore gumi achiri mudiki achidzidza basa. William akaroora Ida McClure muna 1878 uye vaive nevana vatanhatu. Vakagara muOgden kwemakore mashanu uko William aidzidzisa kugadzira shangu kuDeaf and Blind Institute. Ivo vakadzokera kuSalt Lake City apo William akavhura iyo Acme Shoe Shop muna 1902 muUtah National Bank Kuvaka paMain Street.

William akatanga zvakare kupfeka semukadzi panguva ino, izvo zvinoita kuti mukadzi wake Ida amurambe muna 1910. Zvino musi wa 28 Gumiguru 1911 "William" McCleery akaudza mutori wenhau weSalt Lake Tribune kuti iye akazvarwa zvechokwadi mukadzi anonzi Eva McCleery asi aive akararama pakavanda hupenyu hwake hwese semurume kuitira kuti agone kugadzira shangu. "Akaudza mutori wenhau kuti," Ini ndinofarira kupfeka zvipfeko zvechirume asi kana paine chinoramba kubva kumunhu handife ndakapa tirauzi. " Zvisinei, mazuva matatu gare gare, Salt Lake Herald yakazivisa veruzhinji kuti Eva McCleery aive murume chaiye anonzi William McCleery, uye nhoroondo yenhema yaakange apa Tribune yaive "muchokwadi, kugadzirwa kwepfungwa kwakamonyaniswa ne pre -kuzvarwa zano rekuti Makore makumi matanhatu McCleery anga achidzorwa nepfungwa nemasikirwo uye zvido zvemunun'una wake, uyo aive achiri kuzvarwa. ”

Vana vaMcCleery vakaziva "kwemakore echirwere chake chaicho… [uye] kana zvishuwo izvi zvikauya pamusoro pake, kufunga kwevanhurume kunotsvaga kutiza uye kune zvese zvinangwa anova munin'ina mapatya. Asingazivikanwi, anongotora miitiro yechikadzi uye inzwi rake rinova nyoro uye rakaderera. ” McCleery akaudzawo Herald kuti “kwemakore gumi aishanda pabhenji revarongi muEngland akapfeka semusikana. 'Ndainakidzwa chaizvo,' akadaro, 'uye vazhinji vechidiki [murume wekufambidzana] vakaita rudo kwandiri.' ”Zvinyorwa zvekuzvarwa zveChirungu zvisinei hazviratidze kuti William McCleery aive nehanzvadzi yemapatya, kunyangwe dzimwe nguva kuberekwa kwakafa hakuna kunyorwa. Zvichida mhuri yakauya nenyaya iyi senzira yekuziva kukosha kwekuda kwake kuve mukadzi.

Pakazosvika 1915, William aigara nguva yakazara saEva McCleery (sezvakaratidzwa nemadhorobha madhorobha) uye aigara nekushanda mumba make ku460 South 900 East, ave kuzviti chirikadzi yaWilliam McCleery. Nekudaro, zvaakange achembera uye asisakwanise kuzvitarisira, akatamira nemwanasikana wake Lottie na1930, asi ipapo akamanikidzwa kugara semurume zvakare kusvika parufu rwake muna 1932. Akavigwa saWilliam kuSouth. Jorodhani Makuva.


McCleery muchitoro cheshangu, kubva kuSalt Lake Tribune, 1911

1915 dhairekitori saEva McCleary

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BRIGHAM MORRIS MUDUKU

(1854-1931)

Morris aive mwanakomana waBrigham Young uye mukadzi nhamba 18, Margaret Pierce. Mushure mekushandira mishoni kuHawai'ian Islands, baba vake vakamubvunza kuti varonge veYoung Men's Mutual Improvement Association (YMMIA). Akaroora Celestia Armeda Snow, mwanasikana waLorenzo Snow, uye vakaita vana gumi.

Mukupera kwema1880s, Morris akatanga kutamba saMadam Pattirini, weOpera diera diva. Akaimba nezwi rakanaka kwazvo renhema zvekuti vamwe muvateereri vake vakagutsikana kuti aive mukadzi wecisgender. Mufananidzo uyu wakatorwa munenge muna 1901 nemukurumbira wekumadokero mutori wemifananidzo CR Savage. Yakanga yakadhindwa semapepa makuru ekusimudzira kuoneka kwaPattirini kuSuar House Ward.

Humbowo humbowo hunongedzera chete kune Mudiki muchinjiro-sevaraidzo yeruzhinji, asi akavhura nzira yevanotevera-vanopfeka vanopfeka avo vakaonekwa muUtah, vamwe vacho vaive LGBT. Mufananidzo nerubatsiro rweLDS Chechi Nhoroondo Raibhurari

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Wallace Packham (kuruboshwe) naEvan Stephens

EVAN STEPHENS
(1854-1930)

Akazvarwa muWales, mhuri yake yakatendeukira kuMormonism uye akatamira kuUtah muna 1866. Mumhanzi akapiwa zvipo, akanyora nziyo dzakawanda (kusanganisira rwiyo rwehurumende rweUtah, "Utah, Tinokuda") uye aibatanidzwa nemakwaya emunharaunda akati wandei asati ava director we Mormon Tabernacle Choir muna 1890. Aive nebasa rekuitungamira mukurumbira wepasi rese. Kunyangwe paine runyerekupe rwekuti akaita maviri ekudanana nevakadzi, haana kumbobvira aroora, zvakanyanya kujairika pabarika Utah.

Muchokwadi, nhoroondo yehupenyu hwake, yakashambadza zvisingaite mu "Shamwari Yevana" (yevana vevaMormon), inokanganisa hukama hwake nevarume, uye kufarira kwake kwevechidiki, vanoshanda varume muhupenyu hwake hwese, saWalt ​​Whitman.

Varume vaye vaaida zvakanyanya uye vakagara kwenguva refu navo ndiWillard Christopherson, Noel Pratt, Thomas S. Thomas, naWallace Packham (vanoratidzwa naye pazasi naStephens mubutcher cowboy dhonza). Stephens akataura nezvavo se "shamwari dzake dzehupenyu, vakagovana hupenyu hwake hwepamba." Pakafa Stephens, wake achasarudzwa semudyi wenhaka yake Wallie Packham, "shamwari."

Iniwo ndaimbove nepuroni yetemberi yaEvan (chinhu chembatya dzinomiririra kufukidzwa kwemashizha emuonde muBindu reEdeni) raaipfeka mukambani yekutanga tsika yaipfuura nemuSalt Lake Temple mushure mekutsaurirwa munaApril 1893.

Mifananidzo nerubatsiro rweLDS Church Nhoroondo Museum

Wallace Packham (kuruboshwe) naEvan Stephens

Noel Pratt (kuruboshwe) naEvan Stephens

ADA DWYER
(1863-1952)

Ada akazvarwa uye akakurira muMormoni muSalt Lake City, kwaakange akadzidziswa semutauri weveruzhinji. Paaidzidza muBoston neNew York, akatanga kushamisika nemitambo yemitambo uye muma1880 akatanga nhanho yebasa. Akatenderera zvakanyanya muAmerica, England neAustralia.

Muchato mupfupi kune mutambi Harold Russell wakakurumidza kupera parufu rwake rwekutanga. Mushure meizvozvo hukama hwake hwepamoyo hwaigara huri nevakadzi. Muna 1912, akasangana nemudetembi anozivikanwa weImagist Amy Lowell weBoston uye munguva pfupi vakabva vadanana. Ada akapinda naAmy ndokuva bhuku rake rekufungidzira kusvika pakufa kwaAmy muna 1925. Lowell akasiya Dwyer pfuma yake yakawanda uye hupfumi, uye Ada akaparadza zvese zvavo zvekutaurirana, asi nhetembo dzerudo dzaAmy Lowell kuna Ada dzinoramba dziri chipupuriro chisingaperi cherudo rwavo. Ada akafira muMaryland uye akavigwa muSalt Lake City Cemetery.

Amy Lowell akanyora izvi mu1922 yeAda, mukuremekedza kwavo kwegumi kwegumi -

Makumi emakore
Pawakauya wakaita sewaini tsvuku nehuchi,
Uye kuravira kwako kwakapisa muromo wangu nekutapira kwawo.
Zvino mava sechingwa chamangwanani,
Yakatsetseka uye inofadza.
Handitombokuravira zvachose nekuti ndinoziva kunhuhwirira kwako,
Asi ini ndakagutswa zvakakwana.

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MAUDE ADAMS
(1872-1953)

Maude Ewing Kiskadden akaberekerwa kumba, pedyo ne9 ne9. Akatangisa kuSalt Lake Theatre paakanga aine mwedzi gumi nemana ekuberekwa. Mhuri yake yakatamira kuSan Francisco aine makore 9, kwaakatanga kushanda nekambani yemasheya. Vakadzokera kuSalt Lake munenge muna 4, asi Maude akaenderera mberi achiita, kutanga pa Broadway muna 1883.

Pakukwirira kwebasa rake aive achigadzira anopfuura $ 1 miriyoni pagore uye saka akatenga zvivakwa muSalt Lake, Manhattan, Long Island, uye Catskills. Akaratidza iye wekutanga Peter Pan pa Broadway muna 1905, achifadza vateereri. Akaridzawo chinzvimbo chemurume chaNapoleon II. Rimwe remabasa ake aainakidzwa nekutamba (murume) jongwe, Chanticler. Paaive achitamba saJoan weArc mu "Musikana weOrleans", munyori anozivikanwa weArt Nouveau Alfons Mucha akagadzira poster yake inoshamisa.

Aivewo mugadziri, achishanda kwemakore maviri naGeneral Electric uye Eastman Kodak, achibatsira kugadzira mifananidzo yemavara uye kugadzira girobhu remwenje rine simba rakakura raigonesa mafirimu eruvara.

Mumakore akatevera akadzidzisa kuita kuStephens College kuMissouri. Vadikani vake vanonzi vaisanganisira Spring Byington, Katherine Cornell, Mercedes de Acosta, Lillie Florence, naEva La Gallienne. Shamwari yake yenguva yakareba aive Louise Boynton, ivo vaviri vaigara pamwechete kubva pamberi pa1930 kusvika 1951 pakafa Louise. Ivo vanogovana ibwe reguva pane chivakwa chaMaude paLong Island. Runako rwake rwaishamisa kwazvo, Maude akafuridzira hunhu hwaJane Seymour, Elise McKenna, mune Imwe nzvimbo muNguva.

Maude saPeter Pan

Maude saNapoleon II

Maude saChanticler

 

Maude aive kurudziro yaElise McKenna, yakatambidzwa naJane Seymour, pakatarisana naChristopher Reeves

Mufananidzo waMaude saJoan weArc, naAlfons Mucha

KATE THOMAS
(1873-1950)

Mangwanani ano ndanga ndichida kuti ndive
Ingori yakareba zvakakwana kuti unyore imwechete moyo-unonzwa rwiyo
Kune iri padyo zvekuti iye anoita kunge chikamu changu.
Asi ndaive ini ese mabards akamboimba here
Yakashandurwa kuita imwe inopfuura kufa
Zvinoratidzika kwandiri ini ndichiri kuzoshaya rurimi
Kutaura kuti ndinomuda kwenguva yakareba sei kana kuti zvakanaka sei!
Kuwa paari zuva nezuva zvakapetwa oer uye oer
Kana pasirese pasirese nepasi zvakare zvofamba
Mwari vatipe kuti isu vaviri ticharamba takamira mweya kumweya!

Chitsvuku kuMadokero;
An East akabatanidzwa kuita manheru. Bani bani
Uye parutivi rwangu
Iyo imwe - iyo iri pasirese
Ndinoda zvakanakisa!
Manheru ngochani mask -
Iko kusango kwekunze uye mukati marwadzo
Ndakarasha nokusingaperi; kubva pamiromo yake ndinotora mufaro usingaregi.
Brown bani uye kutsvoda kwake
Ndizvo zvese zvandinokumbira.

Gay Muimbi (yakanyorwa Zvita 30, 18–?)
Muimbi ngochani ini, ne'r ndaiziva hanya,
Hupenyu hwangu hupenyu hwekuita,
Kusvikira ndatarisa mumaziso aIlla & ipapo
Mweya wemimhanzi wakaona pandiri uchipenya.
Mweya wemimhanzi! Mimhanzi yaive mwari wangu,
Uye pandakamuona akavanda mumaziso aIla,
Ini ndinofanira kutevera kwese kwaakatsika,
Uye umunamate iye mukati mekunaka kwakanaka.
Rimwe zuva ruoko rwaIlla rwunotapira pamakiyi
Kudedera, & zvinoshamisa! zvakakanganisa kusakwana kwakakwana.
Ndakazviona sekuona kunoita moyo wekufamba famba
Musuwo wakazaruka uyo unogamuchira imba zvakare.
Ruoko ruchena rwunodiwa mukati mangu ndarutora.
"Illa", ndakazevezera, "ndingaichengeta zvakadaro?"
Ropa rinoshuvira dama rangu rekushushikana rakasiya.
Kutya rudo rwangu rwaindida kungati kwete.
Oo, kutya kweupenzi! Mudiwa wangu moyo wakapanduka
Kuti ndinofanira kusahadzika & kutsvaga kutsiura.
Akasimudza meso. Ndichitarisa ipapo ndakaona
Mweya weMimhanzi kuburikidza nemeso erudo.

Mumwe munyori wenhoroondo akataura kuti munhetembo iyi "mudetembi arikutaura nezwi remumwe mukadzi kune mumwe ... uye semamwe akawanda mumagazini, anoburitsa pachena hunhu hwefungidziro uye chishuwo."


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MILDRED "BARRIE" BARRYMAN
(1901-1972)


Akazvarwa muSalt Lake, Mildred akatanga kudzidza kuWestminster muna 1916. Mildred akaudza mudzidzisi kuti aive Lesbian uye aida kuita zvidzidzo zvepfungwa nezveungochani. Chibvumirano chakanyimwa, uye vamwe vadzidzi vakati wandei vakabuda muchikoro kusvikira Mildred adzingwa.


Muna 1924 Mildred akatanga kudanana naEdith Chapman, mudzidzisi paU. Edith akamhanyisa imba yekubhodhira maLesbian pa615 East 900 South, uye Mildred akatamira. 24 Varume ngochani mukati memakore akati wandei, vachimushandira pa "thesis" yake.


Mushure mokunge aparadzaniswa naChapman, Barrie akaenderera mberi achishanda semufananidzo. Akapedza "Iyo Psychological Phenomena yeungochani" muna 1939 uye akaedza zvisina kubudirira kuti ibudiswe. Barrie aive zvakare anozivikanwa herpetologist uye mineralogist muma1930- 1950s. Akasangana nemumwe wake wenguva yakareba, Ruth Uckerman, apo aishanda kufekitori yezvombo munguva yeHondo Yenyika II, uye vaviri ava vakagara vese muWoods Cross kusvika pakufa kwaMildred.


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WALLACE THURMAN
(1902-1934)


Wallace akaberekerwa uye akakurira muSalt Lake City, kunyanya naamai vake naamai vake, vabereki vake vakarambana aine makore matatu. Vaigara ku3 East 168 South, yava nzvimbo yeUtah department reCommerce chivakwa, uku ambuya Emma Jackson akavatsigira vachishanda saMatron weWilkes Theatre yakare (zvino Yakapikirwa Valley Playhouse paState Street).


Wallace akapinda West High uye paakange ave nemakore gumi nemanomwe akatanga kushanda kuresitorendi yava kunzi Roof Restaurant iri pamusoro pekare Hotel Utah. Aida kuverenga Plato, Aristotle, Shakespeare, uye sexologist Havelock Ellis. Mushure mekupedza kudzidza, akaenda kuYunivhesiti yeUtah makota akati wandei (pre-med) uye ndokuzoendesa muchidimbu kuYunivhesiti yeSouthern California (USC).


MuLos Angeles akashanda muchidimbu semunyori wepepanhau dema uye akatanga yake, "Outlet." Akasiya USC asina kudzidza uye akatamira kuHarlem, New York muna 1925, kuti ajoine Renaissance yakanga ichangotanga ipapo. Tsamba yaakanyora muna 1929 inotsanangura masvondo paakasvika muNew York City Wallace akapihwa $ 2.00 yebonde nemurume wechishanu avenue dress dresser uye Wallace akapererwa akagamuchirwa. Chero chinhu chisati chaitika, mapurisa maviri akavasunga pamatare edzimhosva uye Wallace akabhadhariswa madhora makumi maviri nemashanu kana mazuva matatu mutirongo. Mumwe murume akawana mwedzi mitanhatu mutirongo sezvo akange asungirwa kukumbira. Wallace akawana bhaari kuburikidza nemushumiri shamwari yeshamwari. Zvisinei, Thurman akakurumidza kuziva kuti gurukota rakanga ririwo mu "hanzvadzi yevanhurume," sekuzviisa kwake, uye akakumbira kubatwa pabonde naWallace achitsiva kunyarara kwake. Wallace akaramba uye gare gare, paakazozivikanwa muHarlem, gurukota rakaudza shamwari dzese dzaWallace nezvekusungwa, kunyadziswa kwaWallace.


Muna 1926, akaburitsa yekutanga uye yega yega yemagazini yekunyora "Fire !! Vakazvipira kune Vadiki veNegro Artists, ”nemipiro kubva kuna Zora Neale Hurston, Richard Bruce Nugent, Aaron Douglas, naGwendolyn B. Bennett. Akagadzira izwi rekuti "maNiggerati" kune kwavo denderedzwa revanyori veHarlem, vazivi, maartist, nevakadzidza. Dzimwe nguva aisarurwa nevamwe vatema nekuti aive neganda rakasviba, aibudira pachena uye aigara achishoropodza nharaunda nekuda kwayo "colorist" kune avo vane ganda rakareruka.


Aigara mufurati mune imwe imba yekutandarira muna 267 W. 136th Street muHarlem, iyo yakazova muzinda wedenderedzwa ravo repamberi, uye Richard Bruce Nugent akapenda mifananidzo yema homoerotic pamadziro. Thurman, aive bondexual, akaroora Louise Thompson muna 1928 asi zvakangogara kwemwedzi mitanhatu, zvichinzi nekuda kwekusagadzikana pabonde. Muna 1929 mutambo wake Harlem wakatanga pa Broadway. Akanyora futi The Blacker the Berry: Novel of Negro Life, yava kuzivikanwa sebasa rekunyepedzera. Akafa aine makore makumi matatu nemaviri kubva kuTiberculosis yakawedzerwa nekudhakwa uye akavigwa paStaten Island.


Wallace kuma2, kuma 1904 - akatorwa kuBrown Photography Studios, 62 West 200 South, Salt Lake City


Wallace (kurudyi) naLangston Hughes


DR. LEONA B. HOLBROOK
(1909-1980)


Akazvarwa muLehi, Leona akaenda kuYunivhesiti yeUtah, achidzidza zvemitambo uye hunyanzvi, uye aive mupepeti wekampasi yeDaily Utah Chronicle. Zvidzidzo zvake zvekupedza kudzidza zvakapedziswa kuColumbia University, uyezve akabhadharwa muna 1937 sachigaro weDhipatimendi revakadzi rePE ku BYU.


Mumakore ekuma1940 nema50 aive achishanda pasocial network yeVadzidzi veGay neveLesbian uye fakaroti kuY.Muna 1947 akasarudzwa kuve Mutungamiriri weKoreji yeVakadzi veFizikisi Yekudzidzisa Association.
Holbrook akashandawo semutungamiri weAmerican Association of Health, Physical Education, uye Varaidzo muna 1966-67.


Muna 1967 akakudzwa neAUU Alumni Yakasarudzika Service Mubairo, uye muna 1977 neKarl G. Maeser Akasarudzika Kudzidzisa Mubairo, pakati pevamwe. Mukadzi wekutanga kushanda kuUS Olympic Committee, Dr. Holbrook vakapinda muInternational Olympic Academy kuGreece.


Iye akarega basa kubva ku BYU muna 1974, kunyange hazvo akadzidzisa imomo chikamu-nguva kusvika parufu rwake. BYU inoenderera mberi ichimukudza ne "Leona Holbrook Spirit yeMitambo Mubairo," yakapihwa kumukadzi mukuru mutambi ane kutora chikamu kunoratidza mweya wechokwadi wemitambo mumitambo uye muhupenyu.


Mitambo 1940s Lesbian chic


MAY SWENSON
(1913-1989)


Anna Thilda "May" Swenson akarererwa muLogan mumhuri hombe yechiMormon ichitaura chiSwedish semutauro wavo wekutanga. May akapedza kudzidza kuUtah State muna 1934, uye akadzidzisa nhetembo sanyanduri-mu-kugara kuBryn Mawr College, UC Riverside, Purdue, Utah State, nemamwe mayunivhesiti.
Akanga ari kunze kwemhuri yake, izvo zvaive zvakavanetsa kwavari, asi vakaramba vakanamatira padyo hupenyu hwake hwese.


Mumwe wevadikani vake aive munyori wezemitambo Rozanne "RR" Knudson. Yakawanda yenhetembo yake yairatidza hunhu uye kuda zvehukama zvakabatana (semuenzaniso, `` mudenga wemakomo, '' semuenzaniso.) Kamwe chete mubasa rake ndipo paakatendera kuti nhetembo yake ishandiswe mune anthology yekunyora kweLesbian.


Swenson aive Chancellor weChikemy cheVanyanduri veAmerica kubva muna 1980 kusvika parufu rwake muDelaware. Akavigwa muLogan, Utah. Utah Nyika inoenderera nekukudza May Swenson munzira dzakawanda, kusanganisira kutsigira kwemakwikwi enhetembo egore muzita rake.


Mai Swenson muTucson, Arizona.
Mufananidzo naLH Clark


DR. JOERI DORIUS
(1916-2006)


Akakwidziridzwa paCapitol Hill, Joel akaenda kuWest High uye akaimba muMormon Tabernacle Choir. Paaipinda kuYunivhesiti yeUtah akasangana nevamwe vanhu veGay, asi nyaya yacho haina kumbobvira yataurwa pachena nezvayo. Akakunda kudzidza akapedza kudzidza kuHarvard ndokuzogashira 4-F yekumisikidzwa panguva yeHondo Yenyika II yeungochani hwake.


Akadzidza uye akadzidzisa zvinyorwa zveChirungu kuHarvard neYale kusvika 1958 paakaenda kuSmith College. Ikoko, akabatana neboka diki revarume veGay (kusanganisira Truman Capote) aiparadzira magazini evarume vemuviri. Muna 1960 vamwe, kusanganisira Joel, vakasungwa mushure mekunge U.S. Postal Inspector yati vaitumira zvinyadzi kune mumwe nemumwe. Akadzingwa kubva kuSmith College uye akatumidza imwe ye "mapurofesa ezvinonyadzisira," akagamuchira mutongo wekutadza kuitira kuti akwire.


Muna 1963, kutongwa kwake kwakapidigurwa neMassachusetts Supreme Court, kukunda kukuru kwepamutemo kwenharaunda yedu. Akatamira kuGerman kusvikira guruva rekunyongana ragara, uyezve muna 1964 akabatana neSan Francisco State fakaroti, achigara imomo kusvika pamudyandigere uye nerufu rwake. Akanyora online autobiography yakanzi "Hupenyu Hwangu Hune" inotsanangura makore ake ekutanga muUtah neMormonism uye nemhedzisiro yavo pahupenyu hwake hwapashure.


Pakafa Dr. Dorius, shamwari yake, mupristi wechiJesuit aidzidzisa paSanta Clara College, akagara nhaka yekodzero. Iye aisaziva zvekuita nazvo, ndokusaina copyright yacho pamusoro pangu muna 2007. Ini ndinoronga kuitumira online zvakare munguva pfupi!


Joel Dorius (kumusoro kuruboshwe) uye mhuri


Vaviri-veMweya vaviri, Rudzi rwehukama kusazivikanwa


MaNative American Tribes muUtah
BERDACHESI (Maviri-Mweya)


MaNative American madzinza munzvimbo yeUtah aive nemabasa eQueer neTransgender vanhu. Pachivanhu, vanyori venhau dzakaitika pamwe neanthropologists vakadaidza vanhu ava "berdaches", izwi rePezhiya rinouya muChirungu kuburikidza neFrench, kureva vasiri-vasikana vasingaite mumadzinza emuno. Marudzi mazhinji (asi kwete ese, senge maNavajo) ikozvino vanoshandisa izwi rekuti "mweya miviri" pachinzvimbo.


Kazhinji vanhu ava vaibata chinzvimbo chakakosha murudzi sevarapi, mashura, vabereki vekurera, vatauri venhau, vanoita rugare, vanoita machisi, nezvimwe.


Muna 1924, Robert H. Lowie akaburitsa zvaakawana kubva kuvanhu vemuShoshonean veIdaho, Utah, neColorado. Muchikamu chidiki, akabvuma kuvapo kweaya "madhiri" pakati pemarudzi akasiyana siyana:


Berdaches


A Shivwits (Southern Paiute bhendi kutenderedza St. George nharaunda) ane ruzivo akarangarira vanhu vanonzwa vachitaura nezvemurume asina kumbovhima uye kunyangwe asina kupfeka semukadzi aiita senge uye aine izwi rechikadzi. Aizotungamira vakadzi nedengu pavaienda kunounganidza mhodzi uye vakagocha mbeu senge ivo. Aive akaroorwa nevarume vaviri, vachirara neumwe neumwe pane humwe husiku. Mune ngano vanhu vakadaro vanonzi ma-ai' pots.


Pakati peSouthern Utes, Panayús akarangarira achinzwa baba vake vachitaura nezve berdache (tuwásawits), uyo aive nemabhiza mazhinji kwazvo. Pamwe vangangoita sehafu yegumi nevaviri vakomana vaizogarapo vomuita kuti avabikire. Rimwe zuva mangwanani apo berdache yakamuka mangwanani-ngwanani, mumwe wevakomana aive akarara padivi apo iye aikurudzira madota uye "iye" akabata nhengo yake nemakumbo ake. Mukomana akatsamwa ndokumurova, akabva afamba achienda uye haana kuzobika kwavari, saka vamwe vakomana vakatsamwira uyo akamugumbura. KuAyayay (Colorado) mupomeri wangu akaona maberdache maviri iye, uye muturikiri wangu Tony akayeuka imwe yaakange aona ikoko makore angangoita gumi nemasere apfuura (kureva gore rinenge ra18) - murume murefu akagwinya, uyezve mumwe wepfupi paWhiteckocks.


ROBERT I. MCQUEEN
1942 - 1989


Akazvarwa mumutengo, Utah, Robert akaenda kuDSD kuenda kuAustria mu1961 uye mushure mezvo akapinda kekutanga BYU uyezve mushure mekusiya Kereke yeLDS munenge muna 1964, akaenda kuYunivhesiti yeUtah. Pakazosvika 1975 aive achishandira Salt Lake Tribune paakapihwa basa semupepeti-mukuru wemagazini yenhau inoyerera yakazodaidzwa kuti Gweta reLos Angeles, gare gare achinzi "Mumiriri."


Robert nemagazini munguva pfupi vakatamira kuSan Francisco, kwaakashandira mushandi mutsva - vangangoita vese veGay neveLesbian vekare maMormon vaive vatizira ikoko. Izvi zvaisanganisira Brent “Tommy” Harris (mubatanidzi mupepeti) anobva kuOgden, Ray Larson (director director), uye munyori wepepanhau ane mukurumbira Pat Califia - akazivikanwa seLesbian uye iye zvino murume ane murume nemukadzi, murume wekuSalt Lake. Vanoseka vachizvidana ivo saMormoni Mafia, ivo vakashandisa chikuva cheAdvocate magazine kushoropodza Chechi yeLDS uye neyakaipa anti-LGBTIQ marongero ema1970 nema80.


Pasi pehutungamiriri hwake Gweta rakava guru, magazini yenhau yepasi rese. Brent Harris ndiye wekutanga wevashandi vavo (uye pamwe wekutanga aimbova Mormon) kufa neAIDS, muna 1981. Robert pachake akakundwa neAIDS muna 1989 muLos Angeles, pazera ramakore makumi mana nemanomwe, kumwe kupenya kwakajeka kwakadzima nekukurumidza. Akapona nemumwe wake wenguva yakareba Rafael Llanes.

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